Analysis of Iranian Houses in First Pahlavi Period with Architectural Aesthetics Role (Case Study: Amir Asefi's House in Sanandaj)

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Mehrdad Hajian Zeidy, Abbas Sufinejad, Mitra Ghafourian, Naghmeh Hemmatian


Nowadays, one of the most influential research bases in the field of theoretical discussions of architecture is aesthetics. Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy and discusses the analysis of concepts and the solution of problems that arise from reflection on the issues of aesthetic perception. Ever since he started architecture, man has paid attention to spiritual, inner needs and aesthetic sense. Today, in architecture, aesthetics is limited only to minor formal factors due to the lack of systematic and practical explanation. Ancient textures have a unique and valuable treasure that can be revived and recognized important factors in them with a new attitude to challenge the presence of rich Iranian architecture and ultimately achieve the restoration of the architectural components of the past. Quantitative and qualitative basics in traditional architecture, which are related to the aesthetic category and visual principles governing the structure and proportions; They lead to aesthetic appearance. The analysis of a house in Sanandaj city was done according to the historical background of that city, where there are many architectural monuments. In this research, using the qualitative research method, the findings in the cultural heritage documents and the views of theorists and philosophers about aesthetics were collected and analyzed and interpreted with the technique of content analysis, and in this research we reached the analysis criteria. Then, using the documents of Amir Asfi's house, which is related to the first Pahlavi period, it was analyzed with aesthetic criteria. The results of the research show that this building was built from the architectural elements of the first Pahlavi period. The building was built with a western-eastern style, and decorations such as a false ceiling and wooden moldings were made by master craftsmen and hamedani's carpenters. In addition, plastering of the type of flowers and bushes, framing and brick facade includes: girih tiles, mass, stringcourse and mortar by Sanandji's craftsman, and doors, windows and sashes by hamedani's artists.

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Author Biography

Mehrdad Hajian Zeidy, Abbas Sufinejad, Mitra Ghafourian, Naghmeh Hemmatian

Mehrdad Hajian Zeidy: Ph.D Student in Architecture, Kish International Campus, University of Tehran, Kish, Iran.         

Abbas Sufinejad: Specialized Researcher of Architecture, Tehran, Iran.

Mitra Ghafourian: Assistant Professor of Architecture, School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.

Naghmeh Hemmatian: Lecturer of Architecture, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.