The Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) towards HIV/AIDS among the University Students of Twin Metropolitan Cities of Pakistan

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Taskeen Aman et al.


Today more tools are available as ever to control the spread of HIV. However, adequate knowledge, reasonable aptitudes, and effective practices among communities, especially among the learned, are essential for the effective implementation of preventative strategies.  This study aims to elucidate the extent of knowledge regarding factors that obstruct the full-scale enforcement of HIV /AIDS advocacy and awareness campaigns. This cross-sectional study was conducted from April to June 2016 in the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Data was collected using a questionnaire, and 1303 students (486 males; 817 females) were included in this study. The poll sought to examine students' comprehension of the source of transmission, key high-risk populations, and methods of awareness. According to the study's findings, just 1% of people thought blood transfusions may be a cause of HIV infection/transmission. The majority of respondents identified commercial sex workers, homosexuals, truck drivers, and IDUs as important high-risk categories. Only 5% of those polled were aware of HIV/AIDS via social media or the National AIDS Control Program. This indicates a serious lack of understanding regarding the transmission channels and risk groups, primarily because of the social stigmas and taboos that revolves around the disease. Social media and academia proved to be the untapped awareness- raising tools for the large-scale dissemination of information. Consequently, the research outlines the essential factors to be considered when developing a strategy framework for future HIV/AIDS advocacy and awareness initiatives.

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