Antimicrobial Drug Resistance in Poultry Pathogens: Challenges and Opportunities

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Shumaila Yousaf et al.


Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is widely acknowledged to be a global public health issue, and poultry raising is a key contributor. Antimicrobial medications are used in the treatment and prevention of disease in chickens as well as in the prevention of it. As a result of their work, human ailments may be avoided or addressed. Antimicrobials are overused and misused in human and animal health due to excessive dependence on them. Antimicrobial resistance was previously measured using disc diffusion tests for bacteria and fungi and phenotypic fluorescence-based techniques (for viruses). Once they had been cultivated under growth conditions, the viruses were able to thrive in embryonic chicken eggs or certain cell lines. Many previously undiscovered antimicrobial resistance genes have been discovered using metagenomics and next-generation sequencing (NGS). Systematic evaluations of studies on AMR in different poultry illnesses were carried out using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL library sources. According to this list of sources, 103 studies were eligible for inclusion in the protocol. For our research into antimicrobial resistance, we're also looking at new methods for preventing disease and promoting development in food animals like chickens as well. As a result, it is imperative that efforts to harmonize testing methods, give open access to information and data on AMR, and monitor the spread of AMR in poultry illnesses be bolstered.

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