The Association of Learning Burnout and Mobile Phone Addiction among Nursing Students in China: The Mediating Role of Negative Emotions

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Ya Meng et al.


This study aimed to examine the associations between learning burnout and mobile phone addiction among Chinese nursing students. In addition, this study also investigated the moderating effect of negative emotions on the association between learning burnout and mobile phone addiction. Methods: A total of 4792 nursing students (595 male and 4197 female) from 15 universities in China were recruited via online posters. The respondents were asked to complete the following questionnaires: the Mobile Phone Addiction Index (MPAI), Learning Burnout Questionnaire (LBQ), Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21), and Family APGAR index. Results: The overall proportion of students with MPA among the nursing students was 50.85%. There were statistically significant differences in nursing students' MPA rates by academic year and family functionality (p<0.05). Mobile phone addiction positively correlates with learning burnout and negative emotions and negatively correlates with family functionality. In addition, learning burnout can completely predict mobile phone addiction, and negative emotions partially mediate the relationship between learning burnout and mobile phone addiction. Conclusion: The findings indicated the importance of learning status in preventing mobile phone addiction in nursing students. It is advisable to formulate corresponding management and intervention strategies to alleviate learning burnout, help nursing students develop a positive psychological outlook, and prevent mobile phone addiction.

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