The Colonial Forces in Arab Mashreq Region within the Twentieth Century - Its Cupidities and Objectives

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Bader Hameed Mansi Al Sulami


The study has shown the cupidities of the colonial forces and their lurking objectives in the Mashreq region, as the colonial states have several objectives, for example, political, religious, and cultural objectives. These objectives destroy the cultures, customs, and traditions of the colonized countries as well as affect their language, where we find that the language of the colonizer becomes the main language in this country, then the study showed these cupidities in more detail such as the British and French cupidities. The study then addressed the Sykes-Picot Agreement and how it has been divided, torn apart, devastated, and ravaged the Arab Mashreq region, as a result of which the colonial forces distributed the regions of the Arab Mashreq, where France acquired Syria and Lebanon, while Britain acquired Egypt, Iraq, Transjordan, and others. furthermore, the study showed the policy of the colonial forces in the Arab Mashreq region, where the colonial forces took various and several methods, techniques, and means to impose their hegemony and control in the Arab Mashreq region, this policy contributed to knowing the overall shape of a region and drawing its map. During and after the First World War, colonialism took different forms according to each Arab region, and according to the influence of religious, cultural, and ethnic identities in it, and even applied new colonial forms that had not been applied previously in the history of global colonialism.

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Bader Hameed Mansi Al Sulami

Bader Hameed Mansi Al Sulami1*

1Assistant Professor of Modern History, College of Sharia and Islamic Studies, Department of History and Civilization, Umm Al-Qura University.

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